Sunday, 16 June 2013

Indian Polity Material for APPSC General studies,Indian Polity Material for General Studies, Indian Polity material for Group-1 & 2

Important Cases of the Constitution

Berubari Case
Preamble not a part of the constitution

Golaknath Case1967

Supreme court held that the Parliament had no power to amend any of the
provisions of Part III (Fundamental rights) The Indira Gandhi government
in 1971 carried out the 24th Amendment with a view to assert the right of the parliament to amend any part of the constitution.

Keshvanada Bharti Case

Preamble was a part of the constitution & can be amended by Parliament
under Article 368. Parliament can also amend the fundamental rights
(Against Golaknath case) but ruled that the parliament cannot destroy the
basic structure of the constitution.

Minerval Mills Case 1980

The 42nd.amendment carried out in 1976 gave asserted that parliament had
unlimited powers to amend the constitution & tried to accord precedence to Directive principles over fundamental rights. But in the Minerva Mills Case the Supreme court struck down those provisions

Menaka Gandhi Vs Union of India

Right to live is not merely confined to physical existence but includes
within its ambit the right to live with human dignity

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