Friday, 3 May 2013

Indian History - Some important points on Sikhism

Important Points on Sikhism
Ø Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak Dev.
Ø Guru Nank Dev was born at Talwandi, noe called Nankana Sahib, in Pakistan, in 1469.
Sikh Gurus and their works
1st Guru
Guru Nank
Ø Founder of Sikhism
2nd Guru
Guru Angad Dev
Ø Started the System of Langar (Common dining irrespective of Caste, creed or social Position)
3rd Guru
Guru Amar Das

Ø Constructed the sacred Baoli at Goindwal.
Ø Impressed upon his followers to disband caste distinctions, Purdah system and Sati Pratha.
4th  Guru
Guru Ram Das
Ø Founded the Holy City of Amritsar.
Ø Built the sacred tank, the pool of nectar
5th Guru
Guru Arjun Dev
Ø Built Harmandar Sahib, popularly known as Golden Temple.
Ø Complied Granth Sahib, popularly known as Adi Granth.
Ø Developed Gurmukhi (Script for Sikhs)
6th Guru
Guru Hargobind
Ø Trained Sikhs in Military Art.
Ø Built Akal Takht opposite the Golden Temple.
7th Guru
Guru Har Rai
8th Guru
Guru HarKishan
9th Guru
Guru Tej Bahadur
Ø Fight against forcible conversion of Hindus by Mughal Governor of Kashmir.
Ø Aurangzeb asked him to embrace Islam to which he refused.
Ø He was beheaded on the orders of Aurangzeb.
10th Guru
Guru Gobind Singh
Ø Real founder of Sikh Military power.
Ø He created Khalsa on 13th April,1699.

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